Evaluation criteria need to be determined very carefully, as they determine which effects will be investigated for the alternatives. They can be based upon:
The central government can be a good source for evaluation criteria at macro level. Such parameters relate to the objectives concerning employment, (development of ) income, inflation levels. But, e.g., also objectives of physical planning, environmental management, the availability of resources and technological development should be used to come to evaluation criteria.
Read a list of important criteria.
Consider the problem of oil and gas exploration from under a large intertidal wetland. Imagine that the government needs the oil and gas as it is a major source of income for the state, but local people fear the decline of nature in such an international important nature reserve. Decline in nature might occur due to the bottom subsidence (and flooding) which will occur in the area according to some geologists.
a) Consider the following criteria and decide whether they are proper to base a decision upon regarding the exploration:
b) Give five other criteria yourselves.
a) Criteria should be as detailed and objective as possible. So, the ‘extent’ of something is rather vague and should be avoided. The other three are objective quantitative measures and are preferred. However, the average subsidence, does not give information related to the decline of nature. A large subsidence taking place locally and a small subsidence taking place globally, can have completely different results. Thus, this criterion is also disregarded.
b) Other criteria might be: