The implementation of ICZM in a region usually requires a number of stages. In this learner we discern the following stages: Initiation, Planning, Implementation and Monitoring and Evaluation. Each consists of a number of tasks which are part of that stage. However, the precise definition of what should be done during which stage, or even how many stages exist, is not a fixed truth. The focus will be different in each case, as it will have particular physical, social, economical, cultural and/or political backgrounds. However, we believe that the description that will follow in the next sections will be useful for starting and understanding ICZM in your region as many aspects are discussed and can be used to tailor a program to your region.
As illustrated in the graph below (and in the CoastLearn logo!) these stages must be considered as an iterative and circular approach. Iterative because during any stage it may become clear that the former stage was not done properly. Circular because during the ICZM process improves the understanding of the Coastal System and new development opportunities and threats will come into being. These will have to be addressed through all four stages again. Such a new cycle might be a ‘project” handled within the existing ICZM process, or a “policy” if the scope of the existing ICZM program must change, or anything between.
In this learner, we will talk about an ICZM program. Terms which you will find in other information sources are: plan, programme, project, policy and strategy. In our opinion, these terms reflect the focus ICZM has in the situation of the person or institute who uses the word. We consider the word “program” as a more or less neutral word. A “plan” or “project” refers to a specific site with a specific problem, whereas “policy” refers to general management problems. In the next sections, you could replace all occurrences of the word program with any other
It is the largest bay of the central coast of Croatia. It represents an economic and territorial unity around Split, the second largest city of the country. In the mid eighties, this area became one of the largest and most widely known pollution “hot spot” areas in the Mediterranean region. In less than four decades, the area turned from a pristine area of high tourist potential into an area with highly degraded natural ecosystems.